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Document Details :
Title: Un comput melkite attribuable à Yaḥyā b. Sa'īd al-Anṭākī (XIe s.)
Subtitle: Extraits conservés dans le K. al-Tawārīḫ d'Abū Šākir b. al-Rāhib (XIIIe s.)
Author(s): SIDARUS, Adel , MOAWAD, Samuel
Journal: Le Muséon
Volume: 123 Issue: 3-4 Date: 2010
In the Kitāb al-Tawārīḫ by Abū Šākir b. al-Rāhib, a Melkite computus is attributed to Sa‘īd b. Baṭrīq, the Patriarch of Alexandria named Eutychius (933-940). As in the case of his contemporary Ibn Abī Usaybi‘a, the Coptic author of the 13th century found this ‘second treatise’ annexed to the celebrated Annals, which he quoted largely in his own work on astronomy, calendaristics and world chronography.
Whereas a few MSS transmitting the writing of the patriarch refer to this data in some ‘artificial introductions’ but without giving the corresponding text, the author of the Dayl or Continuation of this chronicle, Yaḥyā b. Sa‘īd al-Anṭākī (11th cent.), appears as the potential author of this Paschal Reckoning, in fact announced in his own chronicle.
This Ḥisāb builds the main subject of Ch. 30-31 of the K. al-Tawārīḫ on the Passover and the preceding Lent time. It is also mentioned in two other chapters on the solar cycle and the dating of Christmas and on the bissextile years. Overall, eight chapters are literally quoted or discussed, including a Ch. 25 (!).
After exposing the incidents of the transmission of our text, which was considered virtual or lost, we give a full transcription of the extracts quoted in the historical work of the great Coptic encyclopaedist Ibn al-Rāhib, which is now in the process of being edited.