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Document Details :

Title: The Two Phases of Western Phoenician Expansion beyond the Huelva Finds
Subtitle: An Interpretation
Author(s): GONZÁLEZ DE CANALES, F. , SERRANO, L. , LLOMPART, J.
Journal: Ancient West & East
Volume: 8    Date: 2009   
Pages: 1-20
DOI: 10.2143/AWE.8.0.2045835

Abstract :
The authors suggest that the Phoenicians’ westward expansion came about in two phases differentiated by the objectives and nature of their settlements. During the first or ‘precolonial-emporitan’ phase, the Huelva emporion was founded and a series of landfalls was established in the Mediterranean, the main objective being the pursuit of high-value resources. The second phase or ‘colonial-emporitan’, irrespective of any pressure from an increased population on food resources in the Levant, might have been caused, at least in part, by Assyrian aggression. Colonies could accommodate new populations with a subsequent intensification of agricultural activity.

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