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Title: Robbers on the Road to Jericho
Subtitle: Luke's Story of the Good Samaritan and Its Origin in Kings/Chronicles
Author(s): KALIMI, Isaac
Journal: Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses
Volume: 85    Issue: 1   Date: 2009   
Pages: 47-53
DOI: 10.2143/ETL.85.1.2040693

Abstract :
The notion behind of the Good Samaritan (Luke 10,30-37), was taken from 2 Chron 28,8-15. Here the Chronicler relates about the kind handling of the Judean captives by the Israelites of Samaria. Apparently, the Chronicler tries to transfer the message that Judah under Ahaz was even worse than that of the Kingdom of Israel. In the same way, it is likely that the use of Chronicles’ paradigm in Luke is to say that even a Samaritan conduct is according to the Pentateuch than the conduct of the clergy of Jerusalem Temple. Presumably the Chronicler himself, as a paradigm for his story, may have used a similar view articulated in 2 Kings 6,20-23, where the Elisha inculcates the king of Israel to treat the Aramean captives compassionately. The story in Luke is formed in a structure of 'two - three'. It is a parable, comparable to the rabbimic aggadic Midrashim, but not a historical account. The similarity of the story’s notion to 2 Chron 28,8-15 enhances its fictional character. The story is used as an interpretation of the well-know law in the book of Leviticus.

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