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Title: Al-Suyūṭī's al-Qawl al-Mushriq against Logic
Author(s): ALI, Mufti
Journal: Bibliotheca Orientalis
Volume: 66    Issue: 1-2   Date: 2009   
Pages: 40-70
DOI: 10.2143/BIOR.66.1.2038040

Abstract :
Of four works against logic by al-Suyūṭī, al-Qawl al-Mushriq fī Taḥrīm al-Ishtighāl bi-'Ilm al-Manṭiq (hereinafter: QM) can be said to have been the first to be composed, i.e. in 867 or 868/1465 or 1466. This is clearly indicated in the introduction of another work by al-Suyūṭī (born in 849/1445), i.e. Ṣawn al-Manṭiq, which says: 'Long ago, in the year 867 or 868 [H] I composed a book on the prohibition of being occupied by the art of logic, which I named al-Qawl al-Mushriq into which I included the statements of the learned men of Islam to condemn and prohibit it.' In this work al-Suyūṭī has discussed either explicitly or incidentally the opposition of more than 40 leading scholars of various law schools against logic by referring to more than 26 works which deal either explicitly or incidentally with the same issue. In this paper, I will deal with (1) the manuscript and the edition of QM, (2) the date and purpose of its composition, as well as with (3) an analysis of its contents. In (4), the Conclusion, I shall evaluate this work as a source for the history of Muslim opposition to logic.

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