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Title: Traditional cardiac risk factors profile in Iranian patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery
Author(s): A. Karimi , M. Marzban , N. Movahedi , A. Salehiomran , S. Sadeghian , H. Goodarzynejad
Journal: Acta Cardiologica
Volume: 64    Issue: 3   Date: 2009   
Pages: 371-377
DOI: 10.2143/AC.64.3.2038024

Abstract :
Objective — It is well known that the traditional cardiac risk factors (TCRFs) affect short-term and long-term outcome following coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). The objective of this study was to detect the prevalence of these risk factors i.e., hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidaemia, smoking and family history of premature CAD in an Iranian population undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery.
Methods and results — From March 2001 to September 2005, we retrospectively analysed prospectively collected data from our registry. Data were achieved regarding TCRFs in 10,622 consecutive patients undergoing elective CABG. Mean age of the patients was 58.75 ± 9.72 years and 74.4% were men. The majority of the patients were overweight with a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25.0 kg/m2. Hyperlipidaemia was present in 63.9% of the patients. Over half of all the patients had hypertension and over one third diabetes. History of smoking was present in 37.7% of the patients and one third had a family history of CAD. Of all the patients, 91.6% had at least one of the TCRFs. As compared to men, women were more overweight or obese, and had a greater prevalence of hyperlipidaemia, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and family history of CAD but smoking was much more common in men than in women.
Conclusion — The current study revealed a high prevalence of most of TCRFs in an Iranian population that underwent CABG.

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