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Document Details :

Title: The relationship between cardiac autonomic neuropathy and Tei index in patients with type II diabetes mellitus
Author(s): A.A. Kaderl , S. Güllülü , B. Özdemir , T. Sentürk , A. Aydinlar
Journal: Acta Cardiologica
Volume: 63    Issue: 5   Date: 2008   
Pages: 629-633
DOI: 10.2143/AC.63.5.2033232

Abstract :
Objective — We have investigated the relationship between silent cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN), one of the most important causes of mortality in diabetic patients, and the Tei index, which is an indicator of global ventricular function.
Methods — Among the patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, 15 without autonomic neuropathy (Ewing score < 1) were accepted as CAN (-) and 18 with autonomic neuropathy (Ewing score ≥ 1) were accepted as CAN (+). Twelve healthy individuals were included in the control group. Diastolic dysfunction and Tei index were evaluated by means of 2-D and Doppler echocardiographic examination.
Results — Not only Doppler mitral, but also tricuspid inflow parameters showed a significant decrease in E/A ratio, an increase in A wave amplitude and deceleration time with CAN (+) patients. Left ventricular Tei index and Ewing score were found to be positively correlated (P < 0.001, r = 0.55). Likewise to the correlation in the left ventricle, a positive correlation was also detected between right ventricular Tei index and Ewing score (P = 0.004, r = 0.43).
Conclusions — We have shown that in patients with type II diabetes, CAN is related with left and right ventricular diastolic dysfunction. We also have determined that the Tei index is in correlation with CAN (Ewing score), which is a complication of diabetes.