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Document Details :

Title: Anaemia as an inflammation-mediated condition during chronic heart failure
Subtitle: Possible role of fibrinogen
Author(s): S. Morelli , F. Di Girolamo , A. Angelino , F. Fravolini , C. Mancusi , V. Diurni , R. Molfetta , C. Acconcia , F. Balsano
Journal: Acta Cardiologica
Volume: 63    Issue: 5   Date: 2008   
Pages: 565-570
DOI: 10.2143/AC.63.5.2033222

Abstract :
Background — In patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) anaemia is a common finding and may worsen clinical conditions. Moreover, CHF itself could be involved in the pathogenesis of anaemia. Early studies suggested a pathogenic role of inflammation mediators.
Objectives — The objectives of the study were to assess the relationship between CHF and haemoglobin (Hgb) plasma levels, and to investigate a possible link between fibrinogen plasma levels and anaemia.
Methods — This retrospective study included consecutively hospitalized patients with CHF and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50%. Patients without signs or symptoms of CHF and with LVEF ≥ 50% were selected as controls. Patients with secondary anaemia were excluded.
Results — 257 patients (72% men) with CHF and 224 controls (65% men) were studied. The average ± SD of Hgb in CHF patients was 12.38 ± 1.98 g/dl vs. 13.43 ± 1.64 g/dl in controls (P < 0.0001). A total of 69 patients (26.7%) had both CHF and anaemia. Plasma fibrinogen concentration was higher in the patients compared with the control subjects (364.83 ± 123.76 mg/dl vs. 343.44 ± 135.43 mg/dl; respectively; P = 0.013). Patients with anaemia showed a significantly higher plasma fibrinogen concentration compared to those without anaemia (400.57 ± 132.36 mg/dl vs. 351.72 ± 118.13 mg/dl; P = 0.0059). Stepwise logistic regression analysis showed that female gender, creatinine plasma levels, and fibrinogen plasma levels were independently associated with anaemia. No significant relationship between fibrinogen and creatinine plasma concentration was found.
Conclusion — Anaemia is common in CHF patients and it is associated with heart failure severity. The increase of fibrinogen plasma levels in CHF patients seems to confirm that chronic inflammation is involved in the pathogenesis of anaemia.