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Title: New Data for the Definition of the DFBW Horizon and Its Internal Developments
Subtitle: The Earliest Phases of the Amuq Sequence Revisited
Author(s): BALOSSI, Francesca
Journal: Anatolica
Volume: 30    Date: 2004   
Pages: 109-149
DOI: 10.2143/ANA.30.0.2015519

Abstract :
The recently renewed excavations at the Cilician Neolithic site of Yumuktepe have guaranteed a large baulk of well stratified ceramics in the classification of which has resulted into an excellent comparative material for the analysis of the settlement's relations with the contemporary neighbouring societies of the Amuq, the Rouj basin and the site of Ras Shamra, in Syria. The analogies in the pre-Halaf ceramic production of these regions, which were considered by Braidwood and by all scholars after him as part of a single 'Syro-Cilician culture', are here pointed out and bring to reconsider the participation of these regions within the single cultural development identified by Braidwood. Analogies and disparities between sites and regions bring to re-define the boundaries of this Horizon.
The classification and comparison of the pottery, with special attention to the Dark Faced Burnished Ware (DFBW), diagnostic precisely of this regional culture, is used to propose a strategraphic correlation of the sites, slightly divergent from that traditionally used by scholars. With the few radiocarbon dates available, a first attempt to fix these phases into a chronological grid is also made. An examination of the DFBW from these different sites is also aimed at diminishing the confusion that reigns today in its recognition.
This revision of the Amuq sequence in particular, on the basis of more recent data from the other sites, brings to some important considerations on the early Amuq developments and its inter-regional relations.

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