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Document Details :

Title: Mechanical heart support using intraaortic balloon counterpulsation
Subtitle: A retrospective view and current perspectives
Author(s): LITMATHE, Jens , FEINDT, Peter , BOEKEN, Udo , GANS, Emmeran
Journal: Acta Cardiologica
Volume: 59    Issue: 2   Date: April 2004   
Pages: 159-164
DOI: 10.2143/AC.59.2.2005171

Abstract :
Since its clinical introduction in 1967 the intraaortic balloon counterpulsation (IABP) has become the widest spread mechanical heart supporting system. Presently, more than 100,000 implantations are performed world-wide annually.
The concept has been described for the first time in patients suffering from cardiogenic shock due to acute myocardial ischaemia. The initially disappointing results with a significantly high lethality in this patient group, however, were equalized by the haemodynamic effects and led to further investigations. In the following period especially cardiac surgeons used the IABP as supporting system in patients with low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) in the postoperative course. The following review summarizes 30 years of experience and discusses the current perspectives.