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Document Details :

Title: The Genre of Bitnoam Inscription
Author(s): AZIZE, Joseph
Journal: Ancient Near Eastern Studies
Volume: 42    Date: 2005   
Pages: 318-333
DOI: 10.2143/ANES.42.0.2004457

Abstract :
It is suggested that while the Bitnoam text belongs to the genre of the ‘Phoenician royal funerary inscription’, it extends that genre in three telling ways: first, it makes no reference to any afterlife; second, it directs no curses to potential desecrators who rob the sarcophagus or reuse it; third, it describes how sumptuously the lady is decked out. Together, these suggest that the deceased may have been indifferent to what might happen to her sarcophagus and even her corpse, after her burial, and was perhaps sceptical that there was any afterlife. This points to a perhaps surprising intellectual sophistication in pre-Hellenistic Byblos.

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