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Document Details :
Title: Notes on the Seventeenth to Nineteenth Century Pilgrimages to the Holy Land
Author(s): MEINARDUS, Otto ()
Journal: Eastern Christian Art
Volume: 2 Date: 2005
In the final days of the year A.D. 1516, Mameluke domination over the Holy Land ended with the conquest by the Ottoman Turks. The victorious Sultan Selim I (1512-1520) made a ceremonial entry into Jerusalem and for the following 400 years the land was dominated and administered by Turkish officers as governors of its five districts. However, the most constructive impact was exerted by Selim's son, Sulaiman the Magnificent, who reigned from 1520 to 1566. His most notable accomplishments can still be seen in the Jerusalem of today. He restored the ramparts of the Old City and left the walls virtually unchanged. Today's Damascus Gate is Sulaiman's structure, also the decorative adornments to the Haram ash-Sharif. He erected public fountains in the city, restored dams and improved the water supply.