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Document Details :
Title: Complication rare d'une bronchite: le syndrome de Sweet
Author(s): GHISLAIN PD, DE BEIR A, MODIANO P
Journal: Acta Clinica Belgica
Volume: 55 Issue: 2 Date: 2000
Sweet’s syndrome (acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis) is a rare but not exceptional disease. Its first description was done in 1964, and its diagnosis is now well defined. A few days after a common upper respiratory infection, our patient presented erythematous plaques on the head, neck and forearms, with fever and general malaise. A skin biopsy showed a neutrophilic infiltrate. Oral steroids were prescribed, and healing occured within 48 hours. Respiratory and gastrointestinal infections are frequently associated with Sweet’s syndrome. Other associations have been described: neoplasias (mainly hemoproliferative diseases), inflammatory diseases, pregnancy, drugs. Cases classified as ‘idiopathic’ need a close follow-up: Sweet’s syndrome may announce a malignant disease. There are also intermediate forms with other neutrophilic dermatoses, e.g. pyoderma gangrenosum.