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Document Details :
Title: Some Notes on the Mamluk-European Relations after the Crusade
Author(s): AL-HAJJI, Hayat
Journal: ARAM Periodical
Volume: 17 Date: 2005
The Islamic Civilization witnessed by the Society of the Mamluk Sultanate in Egypt and Syria, was singled out and marked with distinctive characteristics. The various circumstances that surrounded the inception of the Mamluk Sultanate can be cited as the reason for such distinction. The effects of the Crusade, whereby the early Mamluk Sultanate held the flag of Islamic War (Jihād), comes at the top of the list of reasons that affected the acquisition of a peculiar feature by this civilization. The emergence of the Caliphate that began with the collapse of Baghdād in 1258 A.D. under the feet of the Mongol gave the Mamluks unprecedented legitimate distinction. Moreover, the immigration of non-Muslim groups from Arabic and foreign cities to Egypt has a considerable effect on the emergence of various civilized effects in the Country of the Nile (Egypt).