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Title: Note sur l'entrée d'Alger sous la souveraineté ottomane (1519-1521)
Author(s): VATIN, Nicolas
Journal: Turcica
Volume: 44    Date: 2012-2013   
Pages: 131-166
DOI: 10.2143/TURC.44.0.2988848

Abstract :
Cet article est fondé sur la comparaison de trois sources connues mais jamais croisées: les Gazavât-ı Hayre-d-dîn Paşa, la «lettre de la population algéroise» publiée par A. Temimi et les Diarii de Marino Sanudo. Il en ressort que Hayre-d-dîn a tenté un an durant de demeurer indépendant à Alger après la mort de son frère Oruç et que c’est la préparation de l’expédition d’Ugo de Moncada (qui attaqua finalement Djerba et non Alger) qui dut le convaincre de se tourner vers la Porte, avec le soutien de pouvoirs locaux, notamment le «roi de Koukou» Ibn el-Kadi qui, à cette date, n’avait pas encore fait sécession. D’autre part on constate une certaine méfiance du gouvernement ottoman: Selim Ier envoie un représentant sur place pour en savoir plus avant de se décider. Cette mission étant retardée par un incident avec la flotte vénitienne, c’est finalement Soliman qui accepta la soumission de Hayre-d-dîn. Mais rien ne permet de confirmer l’affirmation généralement admise (fondée sur Haëdo) que Selim Ier envoya d’importants renforts. En fait ni lui ni Soliman ne semblent, en 1520-1521, très intéressés.



This paper is based on three sources that are all well known but have never been used together: the Gazavât-ı Hayre-d-dîn Paşa, the «letter from the people of Algiers» published by A. Temimi, and Marino Sanudo’s Diarii. It shows that Hayre-d-dîn tried for a whole year to remain independent in Algiers after the death of his brother Oruç, and that it is probably because of an expedition in preparation by Ugo de Moncada (who eventually attacked Djerba and not Algiers) that he decided to turn to the Porte, with the support of local powers, in particular the «King of Kuku», who had not rebelled yet. Apparently, the Ottoman government was a bit doubtful: Selim I sent a man to see the situation on the spot, wanting to know more before taking a decision. An incident with the Venetian fleet delayed the mission, with the result that it was Süleyman who decided to accept Hayre-d-dîn’s proposal. But although it has been widely accepted (actually on the basis of Haëdo) that Selim sent important reinforcements, nothing in the documentation seems to confirm it. Actually neither Selim nor Süleyman was really interested by Algiers in 1520-1521.

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