|previous article in this issue||next article in this issue|
Document Details :
Title: Campo della Fiera at Orvieto and Fanum Voltumnae
Subtitle: Identical Places?
Author(s): VAN DER MEER, L. Bouke
Volume: 88 Date: 2013
The orientation of the temple as well as inscriptions from the sacred enclosure in Campo della Fiera near Orvieto (Volsinii veteres) strongly suggest that gods of the underworld were worshipped there. Apa (Father) is probably a hypostasis of Tinia (Iupiter) as infernal god. The deities Tluschva belong to the pars hostilis of the Etruscan heaven (sky). Circumstantial evidence shows that Campo may be the place of Fanum Voltumnae, the Etruscan federal sanctuary, not of chthonian but of katachthonian gods. The Latinized name Voltumna is akin to Veltune, whose image is visible on a famous mirror from Tuscania, which was probably made in the Ager volsiniensis.