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Document Details :
Title: dŠaggāšu ('Murderer'), the Demon from the Steppe
Author(s): FINCKE, Jeanette C.
Journal: Bibliotheca Orientalis
Volume: 70 Issue: 1-2 Date: 2013
Diagnostic and ritual texts of the second and first millennium BC write a-ag-ga-a-um or (DINGIR/d)ag-ga-u/i as a possible cause of a disease that is, in most cases, fatal. Several interpretations for the reading have been suggested: DINGIR aggāû, 'the murderous god', aggāu, the 'murderer' as a living human being, (d)aggāu, the spirit of a deceased 'murderer', or the demon aggāu. New exami nation of the evidence makes clear that all these attestations refer to the demon aggāu, who affects people with a fatal disease that can also be called aggāu; the disease is always written without d. The symptoms described in diagnostic texts give an idea of the nature of this disease. Collations reveal that in the Old Babylonian period, aggāu is said to dwell in the steppe in order to afflict people, even representing the 'crime of the steppe' (ḫiṭīt ṣēri). In later periods, aggāu has developed into a demon that has most likely found his place in the entourage of the god Zababa in Ki.