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Document Details :
Title: Ardashir II or Shapur III?
Subtitle: Reflections on the Identity of a King in the Smaller Grotto at Taq-i Bustan
Author(s): OVERLAET, Bruno
Journal: Iranica Antiqua
Volume: 46 Date: 2011
Two Sasanian kings are depicted on the back wall of the smaller grotto at Taq-i Bustan near Kermanshah (Iran). They are identified by inscriptions as Shapur II (309-379 A.D.) and his son Shapur III (383-388 A.D.). However, the details of the crowns and the design of the relief oppose this idea. It makes it likely that the figure identified as Shapur III is in fact Ardashir II (379-383 A.D.), the immediate successor and (half)brother of Shapur II. It is suggested that the identifying texts were added when Shapur III came to power.