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Document Details :
Title: Gates, Suburbs and Traffic in the Roman Empire
Author(s): VAN TILBURG, Cornelis
Volume: 83 Date: 2008
Walled cities in the Roman Empire were inevitably accommodated with city gates which had one, two, three or four passages, depending on era, place and status. From the 1st century BC onwards, particularly in the socalled coloniae, monumental gate complexes were erected with two or more passages, where driving traffic was separated from pedestrian traffic. Where gates are designed with special passages exclusively for pedestrians in the cases discussed in this article (Pompeii, Cologne, Xanten and Trier), extramural buildings are found. Where special pedestrian passages are absent, extramural buildings are not usually found.