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Document Details :
Title: The Situation of Waqf between Timar and Iltizam
Author(s): SLIM, Souad
Journal: ARAM Periodical
Volume: 10 Issue: 1-2 Date: 1998
The waqf lands of the Ottoman Empire originated in the rulings and practices of Islamic shari’a and, in a more ancient period, from the status of church properties in canon law.
The structure of shari’a seems to have undergone its final developments in the eleventh century, the time when the legal authorities stopped possibilities of interpretation. The most recent research on this subject, however, has proved that the de facto situation was far different from that established by the law. The fatawas and the firmans decreed by different Ottoman authorities continually upset ancestral traditions and practices. The fact is that the waqf was a socio-religious institution whose function was very similar to that of social security systems in modern society, and whose importance varied according to historical period and to political regime.